Sunday, 18 February 2018

GGI Belfast 2018

Speakers for the Genetic Genealogy Ireland sessions at Back to Our Past Belfast 2018 pose of the replica Titanic staircase at Titanic Belfast.

Get access to (almost all) the videos of the presentations by joining the +4K members of the closed Genetic Genealogy Ireland Facebook group.

Saturday, 17 February 2018

FreeBMD February Update

The FreeBMD Database was updated on Thursday 15 February 2018 to contain 266,393,467 (265,866,842 last update) distinct records. Major additions are, for births 1963-4, 1978-83; for marriages 1966, 1979-80, 1982-3; for deaths 1979, 1981-2.

Friday, 16 February 2018

Recognition for Paul Milner

Congratulations to Paul Milner, who returned by popular demand to speak at the BIFHSGO conference 2017, for this recognition by the Utah Genealogical Association.

http://ugagenealogy.blogspot.co.uk/2018/02/paul-milner-mdiv-is-ugas-newest-fellow.html?m=1

Findmypast adds Yorkshire Parish Records

Added to the FindmypastYorkshire parish record collection for the East Riding are
Baptisms : 73,749 new records for a total of 5,371,218.
Banns : 16,788 new records, total 625,724
Marriages  : 57,936 new records, total, 3,025,288
Burials : 18,205 new records, total 4,812,550

And 21,941 new Parish and Bishop's Transcripts browse records.

Open access to Canadian Immigration Records from Ancestry, including Passenger Arrivals, Passports, Border Crossings on Ancestry

From 16 to 19 February Ancestry.ca offers free access, with registration, to their immigration records –just for Family Day.

Included are Canadian passenger arrivals, passports, border crossings and more.

Quinte Branch OGS February Meeting

The Quinte Branch of Ontario Genealogical Society presents
"All About Quinte Branch"
on Saturday 17 February, 2018 - highlighting the Branch structure, annual program for education and research. Also, the Library catalogue, finding aid, surname interest list, branch facebook and website.
Held at  Quinte West Public Library, 7 Creswell Dr, Trenton 1-3 pm. Everyone welcome, bring a friend.
Visit facebook.com/QuinteBranch.OGS

Thursday, 15 February 2018

Ancestry adds London Directories 1736-1943

Nearly 20 million records are in Ancestry's new London, England, City Directories, 1736-1943 collection.
The index was created using text recognition software, not transcribed, with indexes of the directories for every fifth year. Expect OCR errors.
The originals, from the London Metropolitan Archives, comprise street, commercial, trade, court, and post office directories.
Check that directories for the borough/area and time period of interest are included to avoid fruitless searches.

New Irish Genealogical Research Society Videos

For a very limited time there's free access to three 20 minute videos on Irish records from the IGRS.
They are:
Roman Catholic parish records, by Claire Bradley,
Census returns, by Claire Bradley,
Church of Ireland parish registers, by Dr Susan Hood.
Free access is only until Sunday 18 February during the Back to Our Past event in Belfast. After that access will be a benefit of membership.

Videos can be accessed from https://www.irishancestors.ie/members/irish-genealogy-how-to-videos/

BIFHSGO Scottish SIG

The group meeting this Saturday, 17 February starts with Pam Cooper leading  on First Names. Tips and tricks.
Marilyn Lindsay will make a short presentation on Using the Scottish Association of Family History                     Societies website to get information on    Regional interests.
Following a break, and an opportunity to bid on the silent auction, Pam Cooper will update on the group's Regional interests, and the appropriate FHSs for them followed by A general discussion on successes or lack thereof, of working with Family History Societies, on site                 or on line.
The meeting runs from 10:00 am to 12:00 pm in Rooms 226 and 228, City of Ottawa Archives, 100 Tallwood Drive, Ottawa, Ontario.

Kingston Branch OGS February Meeting

Saturday 17 February, 2018 is the occasion for the Kingston branch annual general meeting and 45th anniversary celebration at the Seniors Centre, 56 Francis Street, Kingston.
There will be a small silent auction and an educational session on downloading data from FTDNA or Ancestry and uploading it to GEDmatch. 
Check www.kingston.ogs.on.ca for info and possible further details.

Wednesday, 14 February 2018

New articles from the JG&FH

The Journal of Genealogy and Family History has published the first two articles bfor 2018. 
Timppel and Gisela Boeck, titled "Else Hirschberg (1892–1942): the rediscovery of the private and professional life of the first female chemistry graduate at Rostock University in a digitised world.

and

"The early genealogy of Edward Jenner and the Jenner family of Kempsford, Marston Meysey and Meysey Hampton", by John Chandler.

You can read the articles online at http://www.qualifiedgenealogists.org/ojs/index.php/JGFH/index.

CEF Service Files Update for February 2018


As of 15 Febuary 2018 there are 555,443  (543,142 last month) of 640,000 files available online in the LAC Personnel Records of the First World War database. That's according to a Library and Archives Canada Digitization of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Service blog at https://thediscoverblog.com/2018/02/15/digitization-of-the-canadian-expeditionary-force-personnel-service-files-update-of-february-2018/

The latest box digitized is 9,467 (9,247) and last name Swindells (Staunton).

At the last month's rate the last file will be online in September.


QFHS Conference 2018

Do you recognize these names?

Steven L. Cameron
Luc Lepine
Christopher Lyons
Kelley O’Rourke
Laurie Pratt
Tom Quinlan
Mario Robert
Gary Schroder
Gloria Tubman
Deborah Waddell Robertson

Some familiar. Some new. Some ...  Irish.

Deborah Robertson wrote to let me know this line up of speakers for the Quebec Family History Society conference at McGill University New Residence May 18, 19 and 20.

In addition there will be an Ancestry Friday, presented by Lesley Anderson. 
Geoffrey Kelley, MNA for the West Island riding of Jacques-Cartier will be speaking about his Quebec family history at the Opening Ceremonies and will be presented the results of his family’s DNA.

The official email address for the Conference is roots2018qfhs@gmail.com

I vow to thee: Centenary of the Death of Sir Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice

These words written by Sir Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice, sung to the music of Gustav Holst, have become known as the greatest English hymn/patriotic song of the 20th Century. They were part of the marriage and memorial service for Princess Diana.

Spring-Rice died this day, 14 February 1918, on a stay in Ottawa having completed service as Ambassador to the United States since 1912. He is interred at Beechwood Cemetery.

Read more at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Spring_Rice

Tuesday, 13 February 2018

RootsTech Streaming Schedule

Every year the organizers of RootsTech offer a limited number of sessions streamed live, or nearly live from the event in Salt Lake City.
This year there are sessions from 28 February to 3 March.
As in previous years they are a mixture of inspirational talks and professional family history presentations. This year the streamed talks cover a wider variety of topics than previously, and more genetic genealogy-- that's my impression anyway.

Find the schedule of talks here. All times are for the Mountain Time Zone.

MyHeritage Valentine's Day

MyHeritage would love you to know that their marriage records will be free for Valentine's Day,
through February 15. That's for all including guests without an account.

Monday, 12 February 2018

OntarioFamilyHistory.org

The following is a press release from the Ontario Genealogical Society

The Ontario Genealogical Society announces Redesigned GEDCOM Website – OntarioFamilyHistory.org

As the Society is moving into the digital future, we continue to seek a better understanding of the needs of the genealogical community for both digital and non-digital resources. Many of our members and of the Genealogical Community at large have adapted to the digital world and are now creating and sharing more digital documents than ever.

In recent months, the OGS has come together withCanadianHeadstones.com, to secure its future online availability and to further develop it’s web presence.  As we have begun to manage the data for this organization we have also been looking into the various websites under it’s umbrella, we have discovered a treasure trove of additional information within a website called CHFamilyTrees.com. This website allows for the uploading and management of donated Gedcom files using the software platform The Next Generation. Once we made this discovery, we then reviewed our resource management options and have decided to move and rebrandCHFamilyTrees.com to OntarioFamilyHistory.org.

This website already contains more than 830,000 Individuals and 315,000 Families within its database and cites well over 40,000 sources. One of the mandates of The Ontario Genealogical Society is to preserve genealogical information for future generations regardless of whether it has been properly or fully sourced.  This is our practise for both printed or digital donated family trees.

Maintaining websites like this requires the time, interest and attention of our volunteers. We are pleased to be able to activate this website today in a search only format. The site does allow you to contribute your GEDCOM files at this time and you will find the link on the website.  Over time and with further assistance from our volunteers, we hope to turn on other features that will allow the genealogical community to sign in and alert the volunteers of any errors or omissions, or to activate the DNA Section that is currently contained within the software.

At a time when so many resources dedicated to Canadian and Ontario Genealogy are disappearing or being archived, the OGS is committed to preserving those resources and allowing free access to those resources to interested researchers from around the world


Perth & District Historical Society February Meeting

On Thursday, 15 February, 2018 the Society will welcome a presentation by local historian and author Ron W. Shaw on Perth and area's earliest Black citizens, in support of Black History Month in Canada.  
 
Blacks have had a presence in Canada since the 17th century, when the first Black slave arrived at Quebec in 1629.  By the time of the conquest in 1759, there were 1,100 in the colony.  Following the American Revolution, Loyalists brought 2,000 Black slaves with them and Britain evacuated 2,000 freed slaves to Nova Scotia.  With the abolishment of slavery in Upper Canada in 1833, more than 25,000 runaway slaves fled to what is now Ontario from the United States, by the Underground Railway, between 1840 and 1860. Later, as a consequence of the U.S. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and the impact of the Dred Scott decision of 1857, thousands of American free state Blacks joined the former slaves in Canada.  
 
Although generally thought of as exclusively Scots-Irish-English in its origins, and little effected by the Loyalist influx and the distant Underground Railway, the Perth area population included citizens of colour since its founding in 1816.  At least two of the original soldier-settlers were Black men, born in the West Indies.  They were followed, in the 1850s, by American-born Black families who called Perth home into the 1920s.  Successively operating businesses on Gore Street over a period of 70 years, the Browns, Gilberts and Jacksons were important and well-regarded members of the local community.  George Gilbert regularly won prizes at the South Lanark Agricultural Fair.  John Jackson played coronet in the Citizens Band, was a leading member of the Perth Cricket Club (recognized by the Almonte Gazette as having no equal in these parts as a wicket keeper) and was described in his obituary as one of the best-known men in town.  
 
Perth native Ron W. Shaw was educated at P&DCI and Algonquin College, and worked for a number of years as a newspaper, radio and television journalist in northern and western Ontario, before his career in international development and relief.  Over a 35-year period, Ron has lived in nine countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and worked in 31 others.  He is the author of seven books, five of which are related to the early history of Perth, and is a frequent contributor to our Perth & District Historical Society website.  Ron is married, the father of three children, and lives in Drummond Township where his ancestors settled in 1816. 

This presentation is at Perth's Royal Canadian Legion, home of the Hall of Remembrance, 26 Beckwith Street E., Perth, 7:30pm (Toonie Donation)
 
Find any updated information and new articles on Perth area history website at <www.perthhs.org>

Sunday, 11 February 2018

Cheddar Man changes the way we think about our ancestors

An interesting article from The Observer.

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/feb/10/cheddar-man-changed-way-we-think-about-ancestors?CMP=Share_AndroidApp_Copy_to_clipboard

Saturday, 10 February 2018

Survey: likely and unlikely in genealogy

Create your own user feedback survey

Friday, 9 February 2018

Tipperary Resources

A cold sunny day on Friday saw me travelling a couple of hours, getting lost on the way, to the Rock of Cashel in County Tipperary. It's true, it is a long way to ...
Renovation is underway so access was limited and no guided tour was available.
On my return, and having warmed up with soup, I turned on the TV to news of new online digitized photograph resources for Tipperary and further afield. It's the Murphy Ballinamona (Cashel) Negative Collection c. 1898 - 1932 of 1,235 items available at http://tipperarystudies.ie/digitisation-project/.
The photos are only one of an exceptional local collection of digital resources for Tipperary at the site above including gravestone inscriptions, workhouse registers, school registers and more. Check it out. It's free.

The Genealogist adds over 650,000 criminal records

The following is a press release from TheGenealogist

TheGenealogist has added 651,369 quarterly returns of convicts from The National Archives’ HO 8 documents to their Court & Criminal Records collection. With this release researchers can find the details of ancestors that broke the law and were incarcerated in convict hulks and prisons in the 19th century.

The new data includes:

651,369 Records covering the years 1824 to 1854
Quarterly returns from Convict Hulks, Convict Prisons and Criminal Lunatic Asylums

These fully searchable records are from the The Home Office: Sworn lists of convicts on board the convict hulks and in the convict prisons (HO 8). They give the family history researcher fascinating facts that include the particulars of age, convictions, sentences, health and behaviour of the convict, as well as which court sentenced them and where they were serving their sentence.
Read TheGenealogist’s article “Criminal records of convicts on the Hulks” at:
https://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/featuredarticles/2018/criminal-records-of-convicts-on-the-hulks-739/

Findmypast adds to Devon parish records

From Cornwall last week Findmypast this week moves on to Devon.

30,266 baptisms are added for a total 2,696,604 records.

39,325 additional banns make a total
423,980 records from 1629 to 1918

79,136 marriages are added for a total
1,992,386 records from 1507 to 2002

Burials are enhanced with 31,351 new records for a total of 2,107,220 over 450 years.

Also now available in the Devon, Plymouth & West Devon Parish Registers Browse collection, 180,078 new records in
916 total volumes.

 

DNA: tracing your ancestors and your genealogy

In a rapidly evolving field a book with its typical extended publication process risks becoming dated before publication. Yet many people like to have a publication in hardcopy to hand. 

Moorshead Magazines have recognized the potential of this market hitting the sweet spot with a series of magazine-style publications that can be updated and reissued retailing at an affordable $9.95. A second edition of Google for genealogy in the series by Lisa Alzo is a recent example.

The latest in the series, dealing with genetic genealogy, is written by Maurice Gleeson. Maurice was voted a top Rockstar Genealogist again in 2017-- a recognition of his dedication to advancing the field by sharing his own experience through skilled presentations and mentoring.

The chapters are:
Background
Some Basic Science
Y-DNA - Tracing Your Direct Male Line
Mitochondrial DNA - Tracing Your Direct Female Line
Autosomal DNA - Some More Basic Science
Autosomal DNA - connecting with Genetic Cousins
Using DNA to help Adoptees.

Susan Courage, who convenes the Ottawa DNA Group points to Maurice’s 4 step process on Analyzing Autosomal DNA Matches as a highlight.

One thing I liked about DNA: tracing your ancestors and your genealogy is that it starts with a background chapter, suitable for the complete genetic genealogy novice. If there's someone you might want to persuade to test this chapter gives the need to know information. You can draw on it to formulate how you present things or just gift a copy.

Subsequent chapters gradually build the knowledge base right up to the more challenging topics like triangulation and adoption. You can stop where you feel you know enough for your purposes, yet appreciate you have the option go further later.

If you need additional information, perhaps in more depth than presented, there are references to videos, blog posts and web resources, notably the ISOGG wiki, by Maurice and other respected genetic genealogists

The presentation carries Maurice's style over to print with straightforward advice on topics like "what test should I take".

As mentioned, this is a rapidly evolving field. More people are being  tested so understanding of DNA's contribution to our genealogy is being refined. Reference databases for "ethnicity", or whatever your preferred term is, are improving with better resolution. The human Y-DNA tree continues to grow with Y-SNP testing becoming more popular.

Tools and tactics are also changing. Ways to examine autosomal DNA segment matches are being added to or improved.

Hopefully Maurice will be updating the publication to cover these developments.

The bottom line is, as Susan sees it, "This magazine is a great resource for anyone with an interest in mastering genetic genealogy."

Order from history-store-cda.myshopify.com/collections/tracing-your-ancestors-series

Outside Canada try https://your-genealogy-history-store-usa.myshopify.com/collections/tracing-your-ancestors-series

If these don't work go to http://yourgenealogytoday.com
follow the Canada or US link, click for the drop-down menu and choose Tracing Your Ancestors Series.

Church of England Modern Parish Maps and Information

The Research and Statistics unit of the Church of England has produced an interactive Church of England parish map, with summary deprivation and census statistics mapped onto parish boundaries.
These will not necessarily be exactly the same as the parish your ancestor inhabited but will be a guide.
The statistic of deprivation is particularly interesting as it rarely changes dramatically.
The map is for England, not for other parts of the UK nor the Anglican community elsewhere.
The drop in adherents to the Church of England is dramatically shown in a Statistics of Mission report also produced by the Research and Statistics Unit.

Thursday, 8 February 2018

Digital reconstruction of Irish Public Record Office

The folks at Trinity College Dublin will be bound for sainthood if they can achieve every expectation held out by this item ... digitally recreate the building and contents of the Public Record Office of Ireland, which were destroyed by an explosion and fire at Dublin's Four Courts in 1922.

BIFHSGO February Meeting

I'm sorry to be missing the  Saturday, 10 February BIFHSGO meeting where the main presentation is The Book Creators’ Journey.

Have you ever wanted to write and publish a book about your ancestors? If so, you’ll want to attend a presentation by Tracey Arial, Barb Angus, and Claire Lindell, three of the nine genealogists/authors who recently released the book, Beads in a Necklace, Family Stories from Genealogy Ensemble.
In this presentation, Tracey, Barb, and Claire will outline the book creators’ journey, using readings from their recent compilation. They’ll give tips about turning genealogy research into compelling narratives without crossing the line into fiction. They’ll describe how they made decisions about sources, technology, properly presenting two languages, photo captions and layout. They’ll also detail their launch party plans, and how they handle distribution, publicity and sales.  You’ll leave with a four-step process to writing a short story, a list of questions that will inspire you to write up your genealogical research, and lots of ideas about how you can get your own book underway. 
Read about the speakers at here where you'll also find information on the 9 am shorter presentation Bailing Out: Avoiding and Responding to Water Damage and Floods in Archival Collection by Kyla Ubbink.

The meeting is in The Chamber, Ben Franklin Place, 101 Centrepointe Drive, Ottawa, Ontario.



Wednesday, 7 February 2018

Seven Million AncestryDNA Customers

On 2 November http://anglo-celtic-connections.blogspot.ie/2017/11/six-million-ancestrydna-customers.html marked Ancestry reaching 6 million DNA clients. 
Now it's seven million according to the company corporate website at https://www.ancestry.com/corporate/about-ancestry/our-story/. 
That matches the pace of the previous two million client additions.

On the Road in Ireland

I'm away for a few days without a laptop. Expect a reduced frequency of posting on the blog while I enjoy cold, rain, and occasional snow in Ireland -- that's the forecast. Perhaps the weather will improve by the time of Back to the Past in Belfast, 16-17 February.

Findmypast adds two Durham Diocese browse collections

As of last Friday two Durham Diocese browse collections are added to Findmypast, sourced from FamilySearch. They are:
Durham Diocese Bishop's Transcripts 1639-1919 Image Browse (over 300 volumes).
If you can find transcript information from, say the IGI, knowing the parish and year will minimize the number of pages you need to scroll through to find the image you seek.
Durham Diocese, Calendar Of Marriage Bonds & Allegations 1594-1815 Image Browse (16 volumes). There is an index to men's names.

Tuesday, 6 February 2018

Votes for Women

On 6 February 2018, 100 years ago today, the Representation of the People Act was passed in the UK. All men over 21 and women over the age of 30 who met certain requirement acquired the right to vote.
Votes for women was the culmination of a campaign, which can be traced back at least as far as a petition presented to the UK House of Commons on 4 June 1866.
To mark the occasion Findmypast added the Suffragette Collection, some searchable, with over 3,000 records recording the details of the women and men who supported women's suffrage in the early 20th century. It includes arrest records, parliamentary papers, watch list of over 1,300 suffragettes, personal statements, reports of force-feeding, and transcripts of speeches from The (UK) National Archives series AR1, CRIM9, HO144, HO45, HO140, MEPO2, and MEPO3.
Also check out TNA's Sufferage 100 web portal.

What is PERSI and How Can You Use it to Improve Your Genealogy Research?

In yesterday's post about Sunny Morton's Legacy Family Tree webinar it was mentioned that Findmypast is the exclusive online source for PERSI, the Periodical Source Index from the Allen Country Public Library.
Find out more about PERSI in a recent short podcast from AncestralFindings.com. The YouTube version has just the title slide, no distracting images, with clear audio presentation.

Home Child Bonuses

Thanks to Dianne Nolin for a comment to a previous post pointing to a list of philanthropic organization emigrating children and youth receiving bonuses at $2 a head—Sessional Papers of Canada 1910:
Dr. Barnardo’s Home, $2,170;
Catholic Emigration Association, $266;
Children's Emigration Homes, Birmingham, $212;
Church of England Waifs and Strays Society, London, $170;
Geo. Greenway, Toronto, $144;
Hurst House Training Home, South Croydon, $26;
Miss Mac-Pherson’s House of Industry, London, $168;
Manchester and Salford Boys and Girls Refuges, Manchester, $104;
National Children’s Home and Orphanage, London, $148;
Orphan Homes of Scotland, $316;
Self Help Emigration Society, $78;
Sheltering Home, Liverpool, $278.

The government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, prime minister from 1896 to 1911, was keen to stimulate development. It also paid bonuses to other types of agencies listed in the same sessional paper to build Canada's population.
Payment of incentives continued under governments of various stripes.
Maybe I should declare a conflict of interest here!
When I emigrated during the Pearson years, an interest free government loan paid my passage. Paid back within a year, the interest foregone was certainly greater than $2; and Canadian Pacific benefited from the extra passenger.
The charge has been made that some philanthropic organizations only migrated to Canada owing to the profit generated from Government of Canada bonuses.

According to the book Memoirs of the late Dr. Barnardo the cost to feed, clothe, and educate a healthy child for one year was £16 ($80)*.
At the time of his death in 1905 his organization had received a total of 3.25 million UK pounds in donations for his charitable work with children, much of it in small donations.
The government bonuses received, if $2 for each of the 15,687 migrated to Canada at the time of his death, amounted to less than one-tenth of one per cent of the total. Helpful, but a prime motivator for conducting a migration program?

*There's a chart of historic exchange rates in Appendix C at https://www.bankofcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/dollar_book.pdf

Monday, 5 February 2018

"Comparing the Genealogy Giants: Ancestry, FamilySearch, Findmypast and MyHeritage”

One of the most often asked questions is which genealogy site to subscribe to. The answer is—it depends. In my own case that means strength in British records and DNA.
This is a shutout for the recording of the Legacy Family Tree webinar "Comparing the Genealogy Giants: Ancestry, FamilySearch, Findmypast and MyHeritage” by Sunny Morton. It's available to view at www.FamilyTreeWebinars.com for free for a limited time.
Sunny Morton gives a well reasoned presentation. I agree with almost everything thing she has to say comparing historical records, online trees, DNA tools, access options and the strengths of each site.

Where to find Cornwall Parish Records Online

On Friday FamilySearch updated its collection England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010 to 840,334 entries. It comprises 228 parishes, a few in the adjacent county of Devon. Baptisms are to 1910, marriages to 1935, and burials to present.

The Cornwall Online Parish Clerk has transcription records for 1,362,614 baptisms, 514,445 banns and marriages and 1,140,537 burials for a total of 3,017,596 records.

The above are free. What's available at the commercial sites?

Ancestry has Cornwall, England, Parish Registers, 1538-2010 with 339,301 entries for 228 parishes sourced from FamilySearch.

Findmypast includes 1,084,155 baptisms, 489,952 marriages and 280,580 burials. There are also 313,323 Cornwall memorial inscriptions. A total of 310 parishes are listed.

TheGenealogist has records for 236 Cornwall parishes, mostly baptisms and marriages. I couldn't find information on the number of records.

MyHeritage does not include Cornwall parish records.

in addition Society of Genealogists members have access to records for five Cornwall parishes.

If you know the parish of interest check it out GENUKI Cornwall for other possible resources.

Did I miss anything? If so please post a comment.

Sunday, 4 February 2018

No.1 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station Transcriptions and Biographies

40 more biographies have been added BIFHSGO’s centenary project to honour the 800+ soldiers who died at No. 1 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station in the First World War.
There are now over 400 stories, and they're not just about Canadians. I spotted Australian, British, French, German, Irish, New Zealand and Serb.
Start at https://bifhsgo.ca/cstm_cdnCasClrStn.php where you'll find a description and alphabetic list.

Were Canada's Home Children Orphans?

I was surprised to read the following in a speech in the House of Commons on home children on Thursday, 1 February by Linda Duncan (Edmonton Strathcona).

Canadians were falsely led to believe these children were orphans who had been living on the streets of British cities, but in truth only 2% were. Most of the children came from intact families that had fallen on hard times. 
Where did that information come from?

Of the 39 cases in British Home Children: Their Stories 14 are situations where both parents were deceased prior to the emigration. That's over one-third.

In many of the other cases one parent had died and for whatever reason the single parent was unable to cope. A broken home, alcoholism, father dead and mother a prostitute, illegitimacy where the father was not know, and remarriage where the child was not accepted by the step-parent are among the causes. While some situations are unclear and cases where "intact families that had fallen on hard times" are documented it is not "most."

Statistics for 1910-12 from English Life Tables No. 15 (pdf)from the UK Office of National Statistics indicate that 11 per cent of men and 9 per cent of women at age 25 would be dead by the time a child born at that time was age 15. That's for the whole of England and Wales—the expectation of life was shorter for earlier periods and for those living in the deprived areas of the cities where many of the young immigrants were raised.

With only the workhouse system for support it's unsurprising many turned to charitable agencies for the chance of a better life for their children or wards in Canada than they could realistically expect in Britain.

The bright side of the picture is the young immigrants who, judging by the admittedly small but unbiased sample in British Home Children: Their Stories, went on to lead a long and fulfilled life as contributing members of society. They overcame prejudice toward them, just as it existed toward other minorities—Asians, Irish, Indigenous, and today Jews and Muslims.


Saturday, 3 February 2018

Voilà – Canada’s new National Union Library Catalogue

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) has launched Voilà, Canada’s new national union library catalogue, hosted on the OCLC website.
OCLC stands for Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated, a US-based nonprofit cooperative organization operating in over 100 countries.
Entries from AMICUS, the old national union catalogue, from hundreds of libraries across Canada that subscribe to OCLC are now available through Voilà.
According to the LAC press release "LAC will start enriching Voilà to provide public access to its own holdings later this year." I was curious—how much LAC content is now available?
A Voilà search finds the 32 English language (sic) books with subject genealogy published in 2017 listed below. The titles of the nine in the Library and Archives Canada database are shown in red.

Gabriel Faugas dit Raymond et ses descendants, 1725-2017
by Jean-Louis Bussières, Lise Le Comte, Ginette Raymond, Association des familles Raymond (Faugas)

TRACING YOUR PRE-VICTORIAN ANCESTORS : a guide to research methods for family historians.
by JOHN. WINTRIP

Finding Oprah's roots : finding your own
by Henry Louis Gates Jr.,

The journey : a Reinson family history
by Donna J Reinson Koper

The Family Tree Italian genealogy guide : how to trace your family tree in Italy
by Melanie D. Holtz, Family Tree Books

Mastering genealogical documentation
by Thomas W. Jones

Al-Maqrīzī's al-Ḫabar ʻan al-bašar vol. V, section 4: Persia and its kings, part I
by Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Maqrīzī, Jaakko. Hameen-Anttila

Jayewardene, Udunuwara Urulawatte Perera, Corea, Samarasinghe, Goonetilleke, Perera Wijegoonewardena, and other inter-related family genealogy : including Bandaranaike, De Alwis, Thudugala, & Jayetilleke Hulugalle lineages
by Anne-Marie. Samarasinghe

Famille Chatigny
by Charles G. Clermont

German genealogy research in Pomerania : with specific examples of Kreis Schlawe research
by Donna Schilling

Birth, marriage and death notices from the Carleton Place herald
by D. M. Allen, Joan McKay, John Charles Patton, Ontario Genealogical Society. Ottawa Branch,

RESEARCHER'S GUIDE TO AMERICAN GENEALOGY. 4TH EDITION.
by VAL D. GREENWOOD

Electric city : the Stehelins of New France
by Paul H. Stehelin

Genealogies and Conceptual Belonging : Zones of Interference between Gender and Diversity.
by Eike. Marten

Early descendants of James Cole of Plymouth, Massachusetts
by Susan E Roser

Tracing villains and their victims : a guide to criminal ancestors for family historians
by Jonathan Oates

The Family Tree Irish genealogy guide : how to trace your ancestors in Ireland
by Claire. Santry

The Family Tree cemetery field guide : how to find, record, & preserve your ancestors' graves
by Joy Neighbors, Family Tree Books

Tracing your nonconformist ancestors : a guide for family and local historians
by Stuart A. Raymond

Chinese Pioneer Family
by Johanna Margarete Menzel. Meskill

Mullet family history & genealogy: Emanuel J. Mullet
by LaVina Miller Weaver

Genealogy
by Matthew Helm, April Leigh Helm

International Vital Records Handbook
by Thomas Jay Kemp

Ancestors : who we are and where we come from
by David Hertzel

A dictionary of family history : the genealogists' ABC
by Jonathan Scott (Freelance writer),

The MacLeods of Prince Edward Island
by Harold S. MacLeod

The Haldanes of Gleneagles : a Scottish history from the twelfth century to the present day
by Neil Stacy

Genealogy For Dummies
by Matthew Helm, April Leigh Helm

Tracing your ancestors' lives : a guide to social history for family historians
by Barbara J. Starmans

Dauphinee family chronicles : ancestry, arrival, aspirations and achievements in Shelburne
by WD Dauphinee, Shelburne County Archives & Genealogical Society



Tracing your Irish and Scots-Irish Ancestors

A reminder that registration for the Saturday 10 March Ottawa session of the Ulster Historical Foundation 2018 North America tour mentioned previously is now available to all.
Registration is online only, and closes on 7 March. Optionally you can also order a box lunch.
Find out more and register here.
BIFHSGO members get a discount by logging on to the member only area.

Friday, 2 February 2018

MyHeritage DNA Advances

I'm impressed. My Heritage is moving fast in the fast changing world of genetic genealogy.
Earlier this week FamilyTreeWebinars, now part of MyHeritage, aired a webinar on MyHeritage's DNA Matching Technology which explains everything you need to know about using the service, including that you can upload autosomal DNA test data from other companies to them for free.
Watch at https://familytreewebinars.com/download.php?webinar_id=801/.
The major new announcement in the webinar was the soon to be released chromosome browser enabling comparison of up to seven matches.

Since the webinar a feature in beta has been added giving a perspective on the MyHeritage DNA dataset.
Here's the list of the top five ethnicities, by per cent, in Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, New Zealand and the USA according to MyHeritage DNA users' data.
EthnicityAustCanGBIreNZUSA
English47.038.850.015.253.539.9
Scandinavian30.329.630.411.635.535.1
North and West European29.631.528.18.327.835.1
Irish, Scottish, and Welsh21.622.233.284.722.515.7
Iberian13.522.214.210.212.720.3

I've ordered these in the table by median across the set. You'll notice that the sum for any country is more than 100%; we all have a diverse ancestry. The dataset is not reflective of the ancestry for the country as a whole, just those with DNA data in the MyHeritage collection.
Also since the webinar it's announced that contacting DNA Matches is now free to all MyHeritage DNA users — both managers of MyHeritage DNA kits and uploaders of DNA data from other companies. With one million DNA clients on the site everyone who has taken a test should seriously consider transferring data. I found a new match to an identifiable cousin when I did.

Twice as many Home Children were in Good placements as Poor.

Treatment of young immigrants, orphaned or abused in Britain, in their placements in Canada is a matter of sometimes heated debate. What's the reality?
In 2010 the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa published British Home Children: Their Stories. It includes information on 39 young immigrants who arrived in Canada from the UK between 1873 and 1938. Their average year of birth was 1893, age on arrival 12 years with a range of 4 to 17.
I reviewed these stories trying to discern their situation in their Canadian placement. In many instances there were two or more placements with an indication the earlier were not satisfactory, although it may also be that the first host's circumstances changed—including death.
Two of the stories omitted any mention of the treatment in the placement. The rest I categorized as either poor, fair or good splitting the assignment 50/50 where the situation in more than one placement was given.
Eight placements (21%) I judged to be poor; 12.5 (32%) fair and 16.5 (42%) good.
While acknowledging that this is  just a handful of the 100,000 or so young immigrants, for this sample twice as many were in good placements as poor.
Even a good placement often involved hard work and long hours—the nature of farm life—and the legacy of unfortunate childhood experience in the UK.
It's well to remember that a large percentage of the young immigrants were beyond school leaving age and considered as workers, not children. For much of the period childhood was regarded as preparation for working life which started as early as possible.
Times change. Those who think it's appropriate to judge actions in the past by today's standards should expect to be judged themselves by tomorrow's standards.


Thursday, 1 February 2018

Ancestry adds Wiltshire, England, Wills and Probate, 1530-1858

Until 1858 probate was handled by the Established Church of England, with the responsible ecclesiastical court depending on how broadly assets of the deceased were scattered. For those of modest means the matter would usually be handled by a local deanery or archdeanery.
If that doesn't seem too complicated the devil is in the detail.
Wiltshire, England, Wills and Probate, 1530-1858 now online, sourced from the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre, with 102,570 entries combines the holdings of no less than 30 such local courts.
A search will return name, probate year (which could be well after the death), probate place, record type and a link leading to an image of the original document.

Internet Genealogy Feb/Mar 2018

Here's the line-up in the latest issue of Internet Genealogy from Moorshead Magazines.

In the first article At Your Service: The Generous Genealogist, Washington DC-based Sue Lisk offers five ways to consider assisting other family historians in their research quests. The first, mentoring, is accompanied by a list of ten skills of effective mentors — for most of us aspirational.

In Bringing Ancestor Stories to Life with Animoto frequent contributor Lisa A. Alzo reviews this online video service to help you create and share family stories based on your own photos. The description is clear, especially as there's a link to an example Lisa produced. In common with most reviews in IG it would benefit from mention of alternatives — can you produce much the same product with Powerpoint?

That’s Entertainment! a longer article, has well-known US speaker and podcaster George G. Morgan looking at American ancestors’ amusements in the first half of the 20th century. We can spice-up any family history with content about an ancestor's times — much of which for Canadians permeated across the border from the US.

Gena Philibert-Ortega writes about 10 Databases You Didn’t Know Were on Ancestry.com, a site focus means the databases refer to US records.

Calgary-based travel writer Jill Browne uses the Irish port of Cobh, previously known as Queenstown from where many emigrants set sail and the last post of call of the Titanic, as the subject of her article Do You Have Lost Irish Ancestors? While the odds of finding any records there are slim the writing is interesting enough to tempt me to make it a stop during my forthcoming trip.

With a title Tampa Florida Moves Into The Future I was half-expecting to read about the hazard of sea level rise caused by climate change and how to ensure records survive inundation. In a way it is as Leslie Michele Derrough, apparently a charter member of the George G. Morgan admiration society, interviews him about the importance of preserving genealogical records at the local level through digitization.

Another IG regular David A. Norris looks at Zeppelin Passenger Lists and US Navy Airship Records in Airships and Family History.

In Digital Library on American Slavery… and More! Diane L. Richard discusses the growing body of online resources that might be helpful in researching pre-1870 slavery records.

The issue concludes with the regular NetNotes column by Diane L. Richard and Back Page by Dave Obee.

The back cover of the magazine mentions the scope of coverage, including DNA. While there's nothing on genetic genealogy in this particular issue it does remind me to mention Moorshead's volume, DNA & Your Genealogy authored by Maurice Gleeson now available.